As such, they must negotiate an ethics that lies somewhere between the philosophical extremes of universalism and relativism. How each existentialist philosopher considered in this volume does this is the subject of the eight chapters that follow. Existentialist Thinkers and Ethics which cannot be adequately described in the space allowed proceeds chronologically, beginning with two main precursors to existentialism, Kierkegaard and Nietzsche, examined by Dominic Desroches and David W.
Although Heidegger, like Camus, explicitly rejected the label 'existentialist' and critiqued Sartrean existentialism, it is standard to include both philosophers under this label. It is, however, highly unusual to consider Arendt as either an existentialist or as an ethical philosopher, as Schulman himself acknowledges. Part of this essay is therefore devoted to defending the inclusion of Arendt in a volume on existentialist ethics, since she does not fall [End Page ] easily under either term. Schulman's argument that Arendt should be read as an ethical philosopher is a compelling one, and the chapters by Lavin and Schulman are among the most interesting in the volume.
Daigle's chapter is a useful account of de Beauvoir's 'ambiguous' ethics, but one that begins, yet again, by comparing de Beauvoir's philosophy to that of Sartre. Both Daigle and Kym Maclaren, in her chapter on Merleau-Ponty that concludes the volume, argue that philosophies of embodiment can give rise to an existentialist ethics. Maclaren's chapter is once more a controversial choice, as Merleau-Ponty is generally considered a phenomenologist rather than an existentialist. Even if one is not particularly invested in maintaining rigid criteria for inclusion under labels such as 'existentialist' and 'ethics,' or patrolling the borders of any particular philosophical school, the inclusion of Arendt and Merleau-Ponty in this volume is particularly surprising, given the philosophers who did not make it into the book, Jewish existentialists Martin Buber and Emmanuel Levinas in particular.
Buber and Levinas are more standardly labelled existentialists than are Arendt and Merleau-Ponty and are unquestionably ethical thinkers, and so would seem more likely candidates for inclusion. Quote on p.
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powerbadges.com/vuqiq-cell-tinder-tracking.php Note: The copyright year has not changed, but the book remains in print. Carnap's critique of Heidegger's "What is Metaphysics". Printed in Studies in Critical Philosophy. Translated by Joris De Bres.
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